The Deep Space Climate Observatory or DSCOVR spacecraft, designed to maintain a real-time view of the solar wind to enable a better understanding of solar weather alerts and forecasts, took a look backwards at the Earth. The spacecraft is about 1.5 million kilometers (about 1 million miles) from Earth and is in an orbit between the Earth and the Sun at the Lagrange-1 (L1) point. The L1 point is gravitationally stable position directly between two orbiting bodies - the spacecraft is always between the Earth and the Sun which enables the spacecraft to monitor the Sun and send back data/information/alerts to the Earth as quickly as possible. But it also enables a unique view of the Earth and Moon system.
When the spacecraft looks back at the Earth, the Earth is fully illuminated by the Sun (from the point of view of the spacecraft) - and as the Moon passes in between Earth and the Sun as the Moon orbits the Sun, the side of the Moon that faces away from the Earth is also fully illuminated by the Sun - as seen from the spacecraft. The side of the Moon that faces the Earth is dark (in shadow) and we see this as New Moon on the Earth.
The DSCOVR spacecraft captured a unique video of the Moon, with its fully illuminated far side, passing in front of the fully illuminated Earth - a view never seen by humans and not recorded by previous spacecraft.
A couple of things to note: the rotation of the Earth and the relative motion of the Moon to the Earth as the Moon orbits the Earth. The images were taken over a span of about 5 hours - the Moon covered about 0.7% of its 28 day orbit around the Earth. At the distance of the spacecraft from the Earth (1.5 million km), the Earth has the same angular size as a US 5-cent coin (the nickle) viewed from a distance of 4 km.
Notice how much brighter the Earth is as compared to the Moon. The Earth is highly reflective - particularly, the oceans and the clouds. On average, the Earth reflects about 30-40% of the light incident upon it. In contrast, the Moon is very dark with an average reflectance of only about 10% (it's actually more complicated than that, as the angle of the light to the reflector to the viewer matters quite a bit). Also notice, before and after the Moon passes the Earth, a bright spot in the center of the Earth image: this is the mirror-like (specular) reflection of the Sun light straight back from the planet to the camera.
Even when we look at something as familiar as the Earth and the Moon, we can gain a new appreciation of the beauty and a new understanding just by looking at things in a slightly new way. Besides all that - how cool is this movie!